Compost and humic substance effects on soil parameters of Vitis vinifera L cv Thompson seedless


  • Paola Fincheira-Robles Grupo de Investigación en Suelo, Planta, Agua y Ambiente (GISPA). Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María
  • María Mercedes Martínez-Salgado TROPEN- Tropical Crops, Institute of Crop Science and Resource Conservation INRES Bonn Universität
  • Rodrigo Ortega-Blu Grupo de Investigación en Suelo, Planta, Agua y Ambiente (GISPA). Universidad Técnica Federico Santa María
  • Marc Janssens


Palabras clave:

organic amendments, integral nutrition management, soil quality indicators


The use of organic amendments is common under the concept of integrated nutrient management (INM) in Vitis vinifera (Table grape) to improve plant and soil quality. The objective of this study was to evaluate compost (C) and humic substances (HS) mixed with mineral fertilizer (MF) in an INM program of V. vinifera cv Thompson seedless. The chemical, biochemical and microbiological parameters were evaluated in soil on 1-year- old V. vinifera plants growing on Alfisol soil. Five treatments and control were evaluated: (T1) C+MF, (T2) HS+MF, (T3) C, (T4) HS, (T5) MF and (T6) absolute control. The results indicated that the application of C and HS, increased β glucosidase and dehydrogenase activities, reaching values of 90.2 μg p-nitrophenol g-1h-1 and 9.1 μg de TFP g-124h-1, respectively. In addition, pH was similar in all treatments while electrical conductivity increased with application of mineral and organic amendments, reaching 0.41dS m-1 in T2 (HS+MF). Furthermore, yeast concentration increased with organic amendments or mineral. Correlation analysis indicated significant and positive relationships between PO4-P concentration with MF (0.579) and C (0.431) and nitrogen with MF (0.868). These results support that INM, which combines mineral fertilization and organic amendments, improve positive changes in chemical soil properties and C cycling measured in terms of enzymatic activity in V. vinifera.



Adak, T.; Singha, A.; Kumar, K.; Shukla, S.; Singh, A.; Kumar- Singh, V. 2014. Soil organic carbon, dehydrogenase activity, nutrient availability and leaf nutrient content as affected by organic and inorganic source of nutrient in mango orchard soil. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition 14: 394-406.

Acosta, Y.; Paolioni, J. 2005. Actividad de la enzima deshidrogenasa en un suelo calciorthids enmendado con residuos orgánicos. Agronomía Tropical 55: 217-232.

Allison, S.; Vitousek, P. 2005. Response of extracellular enzymes to simple and complex nutrients input. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37: 937-944.

Bastida, F.; Moreno, J.; Hernández, T.; García, C. 2012. Effects of organic amendments on soil carbon fractions, enzyme activity and humus–enzyme complexes under semi-arid conditions. Ecohydrology and Hydrobiology 53: 94-102.

Bravo, J. 2014. Boletín frutícola: Avance Julio 2014. Oficina de Estudios y Política Agraria (ODEPA). Gobierno de Chile. Santiago, Chile.

Burns, R.; de Fores, J.; Marxsen, J.; Sinsabaugh, R.; Stromberger, M.; Wallensteinf, M.; Weintraub, M.; Zoppini, A. 2013. Soil enzymes in a changing environment: Current knowledge and future directions. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 58: 216-234.

Crecchio, C.; Curci, M.; Pizzigallo, M.; Ricciuti, P.; Ruggiero, P. 2004. Effects of municipal solid waste compost amendments on soil enzyme activities and bacterial genetic diversity. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 36: 1595-1605.

Flavel, T.; Murphy, D.; Fillery, D. 2005. Gross N mineralization rates after application of composted grape marc to soil. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 37: 1397-1400.

García-Ruiz, R.; Ochoa, V.; Hinojosa, B.; Carreira, J. 2008. Suitability of enzyme activities for the monitoring of soil quality improvement in organic agricultural sys-tems. Soil Biology and Biochemistry 40: 2137-2145.

Makoi, J.; Ndakidemi, P. 2008. Selected soil enzymes: Examples of their potential roles in the ecosystem. African Journal of Biotechnology. 7: 181-191.

Martínez, M.; Gutiérrez, V.; Novo, R. 2010a. Micro-biología aplicada al manejo sustentable de suelos y cultivos. Editorial USM. Santiago, Chile.

Martínez, M.; Pedroza, A.; Gutiérrez, V. 2010b. Métodos microbiológicos, físicos y químicos con aplicación ambiental. Editorial USM. Santiago, Chile.

Mijangos, I.; Pérez, R.; Albizu, I.; Garbisu, C. 2006. Effects of fertilization and tillage on soil biological parameters. Enzyme and Microbial Technology 40: 100-106.

Mulvaney, R. 1996. Methods of Soil Analysis: Chemical Methods. Soil Science Society of America. Madison, United States.

Ortega, R. 2015. Integrated nutrient management in conventional intensive horticulture production systems. Acta Horticulturae 1076:159-164.

Palma, J. 2006. Estrategia de fertilización en vid de mesa diseños y monitoreos. Guía de manejo nutrición vegetal de especialidad: Uva. Soquimich. Santiago-Chile.

Romero, E.; Fernández-Bayo.; Castillo, J.; Nogales, R. 2010. Enzyme activities and diuron persistence in soil amended with vermicompost derived from spent grape marc and treated with urea. Applied Soil Ecology 44:198-204.

Sadzawka, A. 1990. Métodos de análisis de suelos. Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias- INIA. Santiago, Chile.

Sadzawka, A.; Carrasco, M.; Grez, R.; Mora, M.; Flores, H.; Neaman, A. 2006. Métodos de análisis recomendados para los suelos de Chile Revisión. Instituto de Investigaciones Agropecuarias- INIA. Santiago-Chile.

Saha, S.; Mina, B.; Gopinath, K.; Kundu, S.; Gupta, A. 2008. Relative changes in phosphatase activities as influenced by source and application rate of organic composts in field crops. Bioresource Technology 99: 1750-1757.

Sánchez, C.; Mejía, C.; Figueroa, C.; Esquivia, M.; Agudelo, L.; Zapata, N.; Gómez, M. 2005. Estudio de cepas nativas amilolíticas. Red de Revistas Científicas de América Latina, el Caribe, España y Portugal 12: 21-28.

Sharma, S.; Kumar, V.; Tripathi, R. 2011. Isolation of phosphate solubilizing microorganism (PSMs) from Soil. Journal of Microbiology and Biotechnology Research 1: 90-95.

Received March 30, 2016

Accepted Jun 30, 2016

Corresponding author: (M.M. Martínez-Salgado).



Cómo citar

Fincheira-Robles, P., Martínez-Salgado, M. M., Ortega-Blu, R., & Janssens, M. (2016). Compost and humic substance effects on soil parameters of Vitis vinifera L cv Thompson seedless. Scientia Agropecuaria, 7(3), 291-296.



Artículos originales