Efecto del aceite esencial de Cymbopogon citratus sobre propiedades fisicoquímicas en películas de quitosano

María Vázquez-Briones, José Guerrero-Beltrán

Resumen


Se investigó el efecto de la incorporación de aceite esencial de zacate limón (Cymbopogon citratus), en concentraciones de 0, 200 y 400 ppm, en las propiedades fisicoquímicas (espesor, humedad, solubilidad, permeabilidad al vapor de agua, color, transparencia) y mecánicas (resistencia a la tensión y elongación) de películas de quitosano a dos concentraciones (1 y 3%). Los resultados mostraron un efecto significativo (p ≤ 0,05) en los valores del espesor de las películas a las dos concentraciones de quitosano. Se observó un efecto significativo (p ≤ 0,05) en los valores de humedad a concentraciones de 0, 200 y 400 ppm de aceite esencial. La adición de aceite esencial en películas de quitosano mostró un efecto significativo (p ≤ 0,05) en los valores de permeabilidad al vapor de agua. La concentración de quitosano mostró un efecto significativo (p ≤ 0,05) en transparencia y en los parámetros de color L*, a*, b*. Al variar la concentración de quitosano se observó un incremento significativo (p ≤ 0,05) en los valores de resistencia a la tensión de las películas de quitosano.

Palabras clave


películas comestibles; quitosano; Cymbopogon citratus; propiedades mecánicas; color.

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Referencias


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Received November 30, 2016.

Accepted October 16, 2017.

Corresponding author: angel.guerrero@udlap.mx (J. Guerrero-Beltrán).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu.2017.04.11

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ISSN: 2306-6741 (electrónico); 2077-9917 (impreso)
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu

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