Vermicompost enriquecido con microorganismos benéficos bajo dos sistemas de producción y sus efectos en el rábano (Raphanus sativus L.)



Palabras clave:

estiércol vacuno, microorganismos benéficos, vermicompost, Eisenia foetida.


Se evaluó la calidad de vermicompost resultante de excreta de vacuno bajo dos sistemas de producción a través de sus parámetros físico - químicos y de su efecto sobre el crecimiento y el rendimiento de plantas de rábano (Rhaphanus sativus L) bajo condiciones de campo en la Universidad Nacional Agraria la Molina (UNALM), Lima, Perú. Se empleó un diseño de bloques completo al azar (DBCA) 12 tratamientos con tres repeticiones. El primer factor de estudio incluyó dos tipos de compost de vacuno, compostados bajo dos tratamientos (lavado e inoculado con microorganismos benéficos). Como segundo factor se empleó dos tipos de microorganismos (Bacillus sp., y microorganismos benéficos). Un tercer factor incluyó dos sistemas de producción de vermicompost (zanja y techo a dos aguas) empleando Eisenia foetida (40 días). Los vermicomposts procedentes del sistema zanja presentaron mayor descenso en salinidad, pH, relación C/N, contenido total de fósforo, potasio, sodio y mayor incremento en contenido de humedad, calcio, magnesio y sustancias húmicas. C/N indicó la estabilización del vermicompost. En el rendimiento del rábano el tratamiento MZM (compost inoculado con microorganismos benéficos del sistema zanja) alcanzó mayor altura y peso fresco de hojas y peso de hipocótilo.


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Received November 3, 2018.

Accepted April 28, 2019.

Corresponding author: (S. Velecela).




Cómo citar

Velecela, S., Meza, V., García, S., Alegre, J., & Salas, C. (2019). Vermicompost enriquecido con microorganismos benéficos bajo dos sistemas de producción y sus efectos en el rábano (Raphanus sativus L.). Scientia Agropecuaria, 10(2), 229-239.



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