Effect of gamma radiation of 60Co on sunflower plants (Helianthus annuus L.) (Asteraceae), from irradiated achenes

L.E Díaz, S.A.L. García, R.A Morales, R.I. Báez, V.E. Pérez, H.A. Olivar, R.E.J. Vargas, H.P. Hernández, T.E. De la Cruz, A.J.M. García, C.J.M. Loeza


In order to know the effect of 60Co gamma irradiation, in the sunflower crop, were irradiated achenes in the Transelektro LGI-01 in the Instituto Nacional de Investigaciones Nucleares. The data was evaluated under a completely randomized design, where the treatments were 0, 100, 200, 300, 400, 500, 600, 700, 800 and 900 Gy and four repetitions (10x4) = 40 experimental units. The response variables were: plant height, root length and volume, dry biomass. The results indicated that germination and sprouting decreased as the radiation increased, adjusting these to a quadratic model. Plant height, length, root volume and dry biomass decreased at high doses. From this investigation it was concluded, that doses of 100 and 200 Gy, have a stimulating effect on plant height and root length, being an important agent, to induce genetic variability in sunflower.

Palabras clave

genetic variability; mutation; phenotype.

Texto completo:



Antúnez, O.O.M.; Cruz, I.S.; Sandoval, V.M.; Santacruz, V.A.; Mendoza, O.L.E.; de la Cruz, T.E.; Peña, L.A. 2017. Induced variability in physiological characters of Physalis peruviana L. by 60Co gamma rays applied to the seed. Revista Fitotecnia Mexicana 40(2): 211-218.

Barrios, B.M.; Buján, A.; Debelis, S.P.; Sokolowski, A.C.; Blasón, A.D.; Rodríguez, H.A.; López, S.C.; Grazia, J.; Mazo, C.R.; Gagey, M.C. 2014. Root Biomass/Total Ratio in Soybean (Glycine max) Under Two Tillage Systems. Terra Latinoamericana. 32: 221-230.

Cepero, L.; Mesa, R.A.; Lajonchere, G.; Prieto, M. 2001. Stimulation of the growth of Leucaena leucocephala cv. Cunningham with 60Co gamma rays. Pastos y Forrajes. 24: 235-240.

Cochran, G.W.; Cox, M.G. 2010. Experimental designs. Ed. Trillas. Mexico, D. F. 661 pp.

Bye, R.; Linares, E.; Lentz, D.L. 2009. Mexico: Center of origin of sunflower domestication. Revista Especializada en Ciencias Químico Biológicas 12(1): 5-12.

Díaz, L.E.; Morales, R.A.; Báez, R.I.; Vargas, R.E.J.; Hernández, H.P.; Olivar, H.A.; Rosales, M.B.E.; Loeza, C.J.M. 2017. Potential absorption of calcium in sunflower (Helianthus annuus L.) and its effect on pH and electrical conductivity. International Journal of Current Microbiology and Applied Sciences 6(6): 3299-3304.

Díaz, L.E.; Pichardo, R.J.C.; De la Cruz, T.E.; Norman, M.T.; Sandoval, R.F.; Vázquez, G.L.M. 2003. Induced variability in Tigridia pavonia (L. f.) D.C. var. Sandra by irradiation of bulbs with 60Co gamma rays. Revista Chapingo Serie Horticultura 9(2): 235-241.

Estrada, B.J.A.; Pedraza, S.M.E.; De la Cruz, T.E.; Martínez, P.A.; Sáenz, R.C.; Morales, G.J.L. 2011. Effect of gamma rays 60Co in tuberose (Polianthes tuberosa L.). Revista Mexicana de Ciencias Agrícolas 3: 445-458.

Fe, D.C.; Romero, M.; Ortíz, R.; Ponce, M. 2000. Radiosensitivity of soybeans to gamma rays 60Co. Cultivos Tropicales. 21(2): 43-47.

Gómez, L.; Aldaba, G.; Ibañez, M.; Aguilar, E. 2017. Development of advanced mutant lines of barley with higher mineral concentrations through radiation-induced mutagenesis in Peru. Peruvian Journal of Agronomy 1(1): 14-20.

Iglesias, A.L.G.; Sánchez, V.L.R.; Tivo, F.Y.; Luna, R.M.; Flores, E.N.; Noa, C.J.C.; Ruiz, B.C.; Moreno, M.J.L. 2010. Effect of gamma radiation on Abies religiosa (Kunth) Schltd. et Cham. Revista Chapingo Serie Ciencias Forestales y del Ambiente 16(1): 5-12.

Infante, G.S.; Zarate, D.L.G. 2005. Statistical methods: a multidisciplinary approach. Ed. Trillas. Mexico, D. F. 643 p.

Lemus, Y.; Mendez, N.J.R.; Cedeño, J.R.; Otahola, G. V. 2002. Radiosensibilidad de dos genotipos de frijol (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) a radiaciones gamma. Revista UDO Agricola 2(1): 22-28.

Loeza, C.J.M.; Díaz, O.M.T.; De la Cruz, T.E.; García, A.J.M.; Olivar, H.A., Vargas, R.E.J.; Reséndiz, M.R.C.; Díaz, L.E.; Morales, R.A. 2016. Genetic improvement of some attrinutes agronomic in roselle (MALVACEAE) with gamma radiation of 60Co. International journal of development research 6(7): 8295-8298.

Lyaz, S.; Naz, S. 2014. Effect of Gamma irradiation on morphological characteristics and isolation of curcuminoids and oleoresins of Curcuma longa L. Journal Animal Plant Science 24(5): 1396-1404.

Luévanos, E. M. P., Reyes, V. M. H., Villareal, Q. J. A. Y Rodríguez, H. R. 2010. Obtaining intergeneric hybrids Helianthus annuus L. x Tithonia rotundifolia and its morphological and molecular analysis. Acta Botánica Mexicana 90: 105-118.

Organización Internacional de Energía Atómica-OEIA. 2017. Manual of good practices for food irradiation. Colección de informes técnicos. No. 481. 91 p.

Ramírez, R.; Gonzalez, L.M.; Camejo, Y.; Zaldivar, N.; Fernandez, Y. 2006. Radiosensitivity study and selection of the range of X-ray stimulant doses in four tomato varieties (Lycopersicon esculentum Mill). Cultivos Tropicales 27(1): 63-67.

Salomón, D.J.L.; Gonzalez, C.M.C.; Castillo, Hernández, J.G.; Varela, N.M. 2017. Effect of gamma rays on the germination of botanical potato seed (Solanum tuberosum L.). Cultivos Tropicales 38(1): 89-91.

Steel, D.R.G.; Torrie, H.J. 1985. Bioestadística: principios y procedimientos. 2ª. Edición. Mc Graw-Hill. Bogotá, Colombia. 640 p.

Torretta, J.P.; Medan, D.; Roig Alsina, A.; Montaldo, N.H. 2010. Day visitors of the sunflower (Heliantus annuus L. Asterales: Asteraceae) in Argentina. Revista Sociedad Entomológica Argentina 69(2-1): 17-32.

Received May 23, 2018.

Accepted August 13, 2018.

Corresponding author: alejandro.morales@uttehuacan.edu.mx (A. Morales).

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu.2018.03.02

Enlaces refback

  • No hay ningún enlace refback.

Indizada o resumida en:





Licencia de Creative Commons Scientia Agropecuaria revista de la Universidad Nacional de Trujillo publica sus contenidos bajo licencia Creative Commons Reconocimiento-NoComercial 3.0.

ISSN: 2306-6741 (electrónico); 2077-9917 (impreso)

Dirección: Av Juan Pablo II s/n. Ciudad Universitaria. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias. Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Trujillo, Perú.