Postharvest respiration of fruits and environmental factors interaction: An approach by dynamic regression models

Artemio Pérez-López, Martha Ramírez-Guzmán, Teodoro Espinosa-Solares, Eleazar Aguirre-Mandujano, Carlos Villaseñor-Perea

Resumen


The respiratory metabolism of fruits is affected by multiple internal (product) and external (environmental) factors that often interact with each other. Among the external factors that have the greatest influence on respiration are temperature, air composition, moisture content and illumination. The aim of this paper is to elucidate the influence of environmental factors on the respiration rate of peach fruits based on transfer models obtained by dynamic regression modelling (ARIMAX). The fitted ARIMA models met the criteria of parsimony and white noise in residuals. The estimated coefficients of each model were statistically significant under the Durbin-Watson (DW), Akaike (AIC) and Schwarz (SBC) criteria. Transfer functions revealed 0.15% and 1.9% increase, and 0.001% decrease in the respiration rate of the peach fruit for each unit of change in temperature, relative humidity and illumination of the storage environment, respectively. The respiration rate response took place 1-8 minutes after the change in environmental variables had occurred. It was concluded that the dynamic regression modelling is reliable for predicting the physiological response of fruits the effect of external factors imposed continuously during postharvest handling.


Palabras clave


respiration rate; time series, dynamic regression model; exogenous variables; transfer function.

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Referencias


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu.2020.01.03

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ISSN: 2306-6741 (electrónico); 2077-9917 (impreso)
DOIhttp://dx.doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu

Dirección: Av Juan Pablo II s/n. Ciudad Universitaria. Facultad de Ciencias Agropecuarias. Universidad Nacional de Trujillo. Trujillo, Perú.
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