Aerogenerador instalado en edificio multifamiliar: ¿Rentable o no? ¿Sostenible o no?

Guillermo Linares, Raúl Siche

Resumen


El propósito de este estudio fue determinar la sustentabilidad económica y ambiental de un aerogenerador horizontal prototipo instalado en un edificio multifamiliar. La sustentabilidad económica se determinó por estudio económico clásico primario y la sustentabilidad ambiental utilizando el enfoque emergético. El análisis económico clásico indica que el proyecto no es rentable (VAN = -2971,05 dólares americanos) y el análisis ambiental (porcentaje de renovabilidad: 0,18; tasa de rendimiento de emergía: 1,23); tasa de carga ambiental: 4,48; índice de sustentabilidad energética: 0,275; relación de inversión energética: 4,35 y tasa de intercambio emergético: 0,32) indica una elevada dependencia del sistema respecto a maquinarias importadas, eficiencia media respecto al aprovechamiento de recursos locales en beneficio de la sociedad, bajo impacto ambiental y un costo de producción medio respecto a otros procesos de producción de electricidad.

Palabras clave


Análisis económico; emergía; aerogenerador; energía eólica

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Referencias


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Received October 29, 2015.

Accepted March 18, 2016.

*Corresponding author

E-mail: rsiche@unitru.edu.pe (R. Siche).




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17268/sci.agropecu.2016.01.05

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